While most physical activity can be damaging when a person is suffering from back pain, in most cases, swimming is actually beneficial. Proper technique is necessary, but for those with back injuries, swimming can be a great way to stay fit and increase the strength of their back muscles. Swimmers should be aware that there are some repetitive motions in swimming that, when not performed correctly, can be dangerous.
Swimming is beneficial for several reasons. It allows those suffering from minor back injuries to remain active. The actions required from swimmers promote long muscles, less likely to tense or cramp up. More important than any of these benefits, in many instances water seems to simple makes back pain sufferers feel better. Getting in the pool for a relaxed work out may be one of the best therapies.
Unfortunately for those suffering from back pain swimming, when performed without the proper technique, can aggravate a painful back. At its heart, swimming is repetitious and this can typically cause more pain or even further damage to a back. Swimmers must be careful to ensure they are using proper swimming techniques and not pushing themselves too hard. If you are interested in swimming to alleviate back pain, there are several key things to keep in mind.
1. Flip Turns: even moderately proficient swimmers typically use a flip turn at the end of each lap. The half twisting somersault which ends with a powerful push off the wall is riff with movements that can serve to further injury the back. Avoid using the traditional flip turn and instead do a touch turn.
2. Free-Style Breathing: When swimming the freestyle stroke, the head is lifted from the water with a turning motion in order to breathe. This motion must be performed in such a manner that the neck is not over-extended. Keeping the chin in line with the body will allow a swimmer to breathe without straining the neck. It is imperative that breathing be done in this manner and a mistake to believe that swimming a modified free-style in which the face is kept out of the water is healthier.
3. Breast stroke: Those who swim a powerful breast stroke place a lot of stress on the lower back. For back pain, swimming the breast stroke must be done carefully. Elongate the body and set a relaxed pace. Remember you are not racing, merely keeping yourself in shape and strengthening your back.
4. Backstroke: Like the breaststroke, the backstroke can place undue strain on the back, although in this case the strain is located in the neck. Tightly controlling the upper body for placement is key for winning races, but actually harmful for those looking for relief from back pain. Keep the neck and head aligned with the body and use long, relaxed strokes for the best benefit.
As with any injury before beginning a swimming regimen remember to check with your doctor. For those suffering from chronic or acute back pain swimming can be a great way to get some physical therapy done and to feel great!