Discectomy (sometimes also known as open discectomy) refers to the surgical removal of bulging disc material that is pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord. An open discectomy is a procedure where the surgeon uses a tiny incision and looks at the actual herniated disc to be able to remove the disc and relieve the compression on the nerve. Regularly, a discectomy is recommended following magnetic resonance imaging (a MRI) of your spinal column which can confirm that a slipped disc is the reason for your back pain and discomfort. The hope of a discectomy is frequently to relieve pain and weakness and to help you restore any range of motion that may have been lost due to a slipped disc.
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In the course of the process, the surgeon takes out the fragments of disc material that have bulged into the spinal canal. In addition, the disc space can be explored, and any loose fragments of disc that in due time could compress on nerves, may be taken out too. In like manner, prior to the disc material being removed, some of the bone from the affected vertebra might be taken out first by a process known as a laminotomy or laminectomy. Fundamentally, this allows the surgeon to better see the area so that the slipped disc material may be taken out without problems.
A discectomy is generally performed by an orthopedic surgeon inside of a hospital with the patient under general anesthesia. As you may be aware of, there are non-surgical therapeutics for a herniated disc that might be tried before a surgery, but if no progress is observed within four to six weeks, or if pain, weakness, or immobility is critical, the discectomy is carried out. Not only that, healing from a discectomy is reasonably swift in nearly all back pain and discomfort, sciatica, or protruding disc sufferers, and walking is typically resumed the same day. Conclusively, by far the most run-of-the-mill issue of a discectomy is that there is a likelihood that another fragment of disc will herniate and bring about comparable signs and symptoms down the road.
Written By: Updated: June 28,2011